1/ Greenhouse Gases. 2/ Carbon Dioxide. 3/ Methane. 4/ Water Vapour. 5/ The Sun.
6/ Wind Farms. 7/ Wave Power. 8/ Plants and Trees. 9/ BioFuel. 10/ Nuclear Energy.
11/ Undersea Cables. 12/ Coal and Oil. 13/ Shale Gas.
14/ Hydro-Electric. 15/ Sea Level Changes. 16/ Fuel Poverty. 17/ Transport Considerations.
18/ Super Volcanoes.
19/ Security of Fossil Fuels. 20/ Myths, Legends and Exaggerations. 21/ The Past.
22/ The Future. 23/ Summary.
Shortly after the earth was formed, highly active volcanoes pumped volcanic gases
upwards forming an atmosphere, this consisted mainly of carbon dioxide, methane,
hydrogen sulphide and steam. Oxygen was totally absent. This lasted for around 2
billion years (almost half of the earth's total lifespan), with the atmosphere practically
unchanged until primitive life evolved. Stromatolites (a bacteria consisting of simple
celled blue-green algae) began to evolve. This bacteria was able to photosynthesise,
and by breaking down the chemical bonds in water became capable of producing oxygen
in the ocean. Eventually the oxygen began leaving the ocean and entering the atmosphere,
enabling oxygen breathing life forms to form on land, some of which became oxygen
producing photosynthetic plants, until enough oxygen was produced to maintain the
atmosphere at concentrations roughly as it is now.
Recently though, a number of 'Global Warming Zealots' have unilaterally decided that
the gas no longer needs to obey these laws and decreed that the heavier than air
gas carbon dioxide is so bad a greenhouse gas that its production must be drastically
curtailed. Ignoring of these natural laws is enough to make Sir Isaac Newton 'Float
in his Grave'.
The manager of one of the largest wind farms in the United States has stated that
'Enough wind turbines WILL cause climate change'.
There are suggestions in the US, that giant wind farms may be used in the future
to assist controlling the weather, and help to reduce the impact of tropical storms,
hurricanes and tornadoes by cutting wind speeds and trying to deflect these storms.
It should be remembered that doing this could cause additional storms to hit other
countries, and may even have the possibility of altering the jet-stream and ocean
currents. Increasing the number of wind farms (and having larger towers) could then
cause a decrease in the wind speed, so that the efficiency of each new wind tower
will be decreased. This would mean that for a specific increase in electricity generation,
many more wind turbines would be required than originally planned.