Coastal Blue Carbon is a very effective means of removing CO2 from the atmosphere,
The habitat includes seagrass, mangrove swamps and salt marshes. Seagrass and salt
marshes are found around the United Kingdom. Some research shows that these ‘Coastal
Wetlands’ are around 4 times more effective than tropical rain forests at removing
CO2 from the atmosphere, and, unlike trees and plants, store (up to five times the
amount that trees do) the carbon in the soil rather than in their biomass.
These wetlands are very delicate though, and can be easily destroyed by development
around the coastline. It is unclear what effect building large numbers of off-shore
wind farms will have on the wetlands and their effectivity, however it is possible
that they could be severely damaged or totally destroyed.