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Coastal Blue Carbon is a very effective means of removing CO2 from the atmosphere, The habitat includes seagrass, mangrove swamps and salt marshes. Seagrass and salt marshes are found around the United Kingdom. Some research shows that these ‘Coastal Wetlands’ are around 4 times more effective than tropical rain forests at removing CO2 from the atmosphere, and, unlike trees and plants, store (up to five times the amount that trees do) the carbon in the soil rather than in their biomass.

These wetlands are very delicate though, and can be easily destroyed by development around the coastline. It is unclear what effect building large numbers of off-shore wind farms will have on the wetlands and their effectivity, however it is possible that they could be severely damaged or totally destroyed.